Mengapa Bayi Dipengaruhi Oleh Tiroid Ibu

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2 Smart Baby BM

Tahukah anda bahawa kesihatan tiroid sangat penting untuk tumbesaran dan perkembangan yang normal bagi bayi di dalam kandungan anda? Apabila ibu yang hamil menghidap hipotiroidisme, beliau tidak mampu menghasilkan hormon tiroid yang mencukupi lalu menjejaskan perkembangan bayinya.2 Ini mungkin menyebabkan IQ yang lebih rendah berbanding kanak-kanak yang sihat, menjejaskan perkembangan psikomotornya serta masalah-masalah pembelajaran. 3

TransformYourLife press article-BM

Rujukan (Artikel)

  1. Forhead AJ, Fowden AL. Thyroid hormones in fetal growth and prepartum maturation. Journal of Endocrinology. 2014. 221, R87–R103.
  2. Bernal J. Thyroid Hormones in Brain Development and Function [Internet]. Madrid; 2000 South Dartmouth. [cited 2016 Apr 28]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK285549/
  3. Sahay RK, Nagesh VS. Hypothyroidism in pregnancy. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2012 May-Jun; 16(3): 364–370.

Rujukan (Infografik)

  1. Forhead AJ, Fowden AL. Thyroid hormones in fetal growth and prepartum maturation. Journal of Endocrinology. 2014. 221, R87–R103.
  2. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Hypothyroidism [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2016 Apr 28]. Available from: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/endocrine/hypothyroidism/Pages/fact-sheet.aspx
  3. Bernal J. Thyroid Hormones in Brain Development and Function [Internet]. Madrid; 2000 South Dartmouth. [cited 2016 Apr 28]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK285549/
  4. American Thyroid Association. Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2016 Apr 28]. Available from: http://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-disease-pregnancy/
  5. Thyroid Screening in Pregnant Women. Putrajaya: Medical Development Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia. 2008 December.
  6. Abalovich M, Amino N, Barbour LA, Cobin RH, De Groot LJ, Glinoer D, Mandel SJ, and Stagnaro-Green A. Management of Thyroid Dysfunction during Pregnancy and Postpartum: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2007. 92(8) (Supplement):S1–S47 (page 14)
  7. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Pregnancy and Thyroid Disease [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2016 Apr 28]. Available from: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/endocrine/pregnancy-and-thyroid-disease/Pages/fact-sheet.aspx#sup2
  8. Rastogi MV, LaFranchi SH. Congenital hypothyroidism. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 2010.5:17.
  9. Zain FM. Congenital Hypothyroidism. Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2010. 16:1.
  10. Genetics Home Reference, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Congenital Hypothyroidism [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2016 Apr 28]. Available from: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/congenital-hypothyroidism